- University of Wollongong
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Polo Santa Marta, Via Cantarane 24, Room 1.59
The conventional version of Austrian business cycle theory focuses on a temporary imbalance between natural and monetary rates of interest. When, because of the role of monetary authorities in defining the monetary rate, the two values are in a situation of imbalance, the resulting expansion stage is followed by a recession (Monetary Cycle). On the other hand, if the expansive phase arises without any interference by monetary authorities but through re-adaptation of the productive structure to a modified structure of temporal preferences, a period of sustainable growth begins that will not be followed by a crisis. The purpose of this seminar is to demonstrate, on the other hand, that because of profit expectations (Lachmann) and the combined action of Schumpeterian elements (imitations-speculations and the ‘creation of money' by banks), even a so-called ‘sustainable’ boom will be affected by a liquidation and settling crisis (Natural Cycle). What distinguishes the latter situation from the conventional case of imbalance between monetary and natural rates is not the onset or otherwise of a crisis but, rather, its intensity and duration. We will define as natural an economic cycle characterised by a stage of expansion considered to be ‘sustainable’ in the Austrian theory but followed by an inevitable readjustment crisis.