- University of Ottawa
mercoledì 29 gennaio 2020
Polo Santa Marta, Via Cantarane 24, Sala Vaona
In Canada, modern agreements allow Indigenous groups to govern their internal affairs and assume greater responsibility and control over the decision-making that affects their communities. We use difference in difference models to measure the impact at the community level of the attainment of 7 types of modern agreements on average income and income inequality. Like earlier work based on older data, we find that Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements (CLCAs), which transfer land and money to Indigenous communities, raise average incomes a lot. In contrast, self-government and opt-in agreements, which allow Indigenous communities to take local control of land or fiscal issues, are associated with small losses in average income. Unlike earlier work, we also assess how modern agreements affect income inequality in Indigenous communities. We find that communities that attain a Self-Government Agreement or an opt-in arrangement related to land management see a decrease in the Gini coefficient for income inequality of roughly 2 to 3 percentage points. Attainment of modern agreements also affects inter-group inequality. In particular, Opt-in arrangements are correlated with larger income gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous households, even as they reduce overall income inequality in a community.