The course concerns the main aspects of International and European Union Law. It is made up of two parts. The first one regards the structure of the international society as well as the nature and the sources of the international law: in particular, the formation of rules, the assessment, the coercive enforcement in the international legal order, and the mechanisms for the application of international provisions in the Italian legal system. Also some of the principal international organisations will be analysed paying special attention to international economic relations. In particular, the system of the United Nations, the World Trade Organisation, international investment law and the ICSID dispute settlement mechanisms.
The second part is related to the European Union, in particular its institutional architecture as results from the Lisbon Treaty and its legal competences. Also the sources of the EU law and their application in the national legal systems will examined with particular regard to the relationship between EU and Italian legal systems. Among the EU competences the competition policies will be deepened, especially the provisions on cartels and abuse of dominant position.
- The international society and its subjects;
- The sources of international law: general international law, treaties and secondary sources;
- International law and national law;
- The implementation of international law between States and between States and private actors;
- The United Nations: institutional aspects and collective security system;
- The World Trade Organisation: substantive law and system of dispute resolution;
- International law of investments: substantive law and the ICSID system of legal dispute resolution between States and investors;
- The European Union and its institutions;
- The EU competences;
- The legal sources of EU law and their application in the national legal systems;
- The role of the European Court of Justice;
- EU competition law: cartels and abuse of dominant position;
- Antitrust proceedings before the European Commission.
Oral exam for non-attending students and written exam for attending students. For the latter students, the exam will ascertain their preparation on the topics covered during classes.
M. Dixon, Textbook on International Law (Oxford University Press, 7th ed., 2013), excluded parts 7, 8, 11 e 12.
R. Schütze, An Introduction to European Law (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2015), excluded pp. 246-294.